Genocide in Transnistria. 1931-33


The Genocide of 1931-33 from Transnistria In the Autonomous Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, the population refused collectivisation. That is why in the winter 1931-1933, Stalin sent to the republic the criminal gangs of the GRU, which murdered and abused the peasants beyond belief. Because they had disobeyed collectivisation, some were shot, others were deported to Siberia. Many tried to save themselves by crossing the Dniester to Romania. Here are a few cases that complete the image of the genocide perpetrated by the Russian regimes and the Red Army:
- On 23 February, at around midnight, on the Soviet shore facing the village of Olănești-Romania, strong gunshots were heard for 20 minutes. Screams of terror, shouts of dying or injured men overlapped with the thunder of the Russian weapons. After a while,groups of refugees began to appear on the Romanian bank. Their appearance was frightening: horror could be read on their faces, they were full of blood, their clothes were torn off. Of the 60 who had started off,20 had managed to reach a cross. 8 of them were seriously injured and were helped by the others. Among the victims there were women, children, pregnant women. Another subunit of the Red Army chased another group of peasants fleeing to the Romanian bank. A group broke away from the larger group, which was caught inthe machine-gun fire, and escaped miraculously. Most of them died in what was called the“Olănești Massacre.”
- On 25 February, 6 families of Moldovans from the villages Ecaterinovca and Molovata, Dubăsar County, crossed through the point Poiana, Orhei County. Five families, 22 souls, were shot by the Soviet border guards.
- On 4 March at 3 p.m., on the bank of the Dniester, in front of Tighina, Teodor Craianov from Caragaci village went, together with his wife and two daughters, sledging across onto the Romanian bank. 2 hours later, from the same village, Nichita Bucovanu with his wife, his son Mihail and a 5-month old baby decided to do the same. A hail of bullets struck the sleigh. The horse was killed and the sleigh remained in the middle of the river. The man took the bigger child in his arms and began to run towards the Romanian bank. Here a bullet hit him. His wife and the younger child were stuck in the sled that had been left in the middle of the Dniester. The second day the sleigh was taken by the Soviet soldiers and the frozen bodies were laid onto the ice for deterrence reasons.
- On 5 March, at 10 am, close to the point Rezina, Orhei County, trying to flee across the Dniester from the Socialist Republic of Moldova to Romania, a family consisting of a husband, a wife, a 7-year old son and an 8-month old daughter had a tragic end. The Soviet border guards opened fire as soon as the family moved away from the bank. The man was killed on the spot; the mother with the daughter in her arms was injured and the 7-year old boy began to run towards the Romanian bank, yelling“help!.”He was killed by Soviet bullets 10 steps away from the bank of hope. The injured mother with the child in her arms could barely crawl to the Romanian bank, where she was admitted to hospital in the village Ciorna.
- At the border point Ciucat (Romania) there appeared 2 children who reported that the Zenhan family: the mother - Dominica with 5 daughters (Maria - 19 years old, Daria - 17, Natalia - 14, Tatiana - 12 and Serafina - 10) had set off to cross the Dniester on ice. Maria, who was going in front of them, fell into a crack in the ice. Daria ran to her cries, but Maria pulled her under the ice. The mother and her daughter Natalia had the same fate. Only Titiana and Serafina escaped, and they were taken by the Romanian border guards.
- At 1 a.m., on 22 March, the population from Sucleia village was awakened and steered towards Tiraspol, to be deported to Siberia. 60 young people fled from escort towards the Dniester. Only 45 reached Romania, many of them seriously injured. It was a characteristic carnage, customary for the power in Moscow.


Soviet mass deportations from Bessarabia and Transnistria

acasa-Texts and maps about Transnistria